As a matter of fact, The world’s first Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) were created here in Canada by the Toronto Stock Exchange in 1990.
It was then called the Toronto 35 Index Participation Units (TIPS 35 Fund), or TIPs for short. This fund ushered in a platform where investors such as yourself are allowed to participate in the performance of the Toronto 35 Index without having to go through the hurdle of having to purchase 35 different companies’ shares respectively.
TIPs were then followed by a second ETF, the TSE 100 Index Participation Fund (TIPS 100 Fund), or HIPs for short.
In March 2000, TIPs and HIPs had a merger that formed into today’s single fund as we know it, which is called the iShares S&P/TSX 60 Index ETF (XIU).
XIU is currently still the largest ETF in Canada to date, with assets under management just shy of $10 billion. The XIU fund tracks the S&P/TSX 60 Index, which was created by Standard & Poors to navigate the performance of 60 large companies in Canada. Its largest holdings include a number of household names among Canada’s dominant industries.
What are Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) really about?
Similar to mutual funds, ETFs allow you to invest in a group of stocks or other various investments. Although you should know that one of the benefits of ETFs is its lower-fee version over some mutual funds.
Due to the fact that ETFs that follow an index change their holdings to copy that of the index, the fund manager has less work to do. The fund manager will not have to do any research in relation to what investments to make and when to make them. For this reason, ETFs that follow an index generally incur less cost.
Popular types of ETFs hold the same variety of stocks that a stock market index does, so just as the index performance goes so does your ETF performance less minuscule money management fees. ETFs can be safely kept” in Canadian dollars, which accumulates costs and may not be good when our Canadian dollar depreciates.
ETFs can be a great avenue to get a lot of companies to invest, also networking with many companies from many countries achieving diversification which is key and in turn a huge advantage. An advantage that comes with ETFs is the ability for the investor to trade them as often as possible.
Regardless, It would be better for you to buy and hold ETFs rather than constantly trading. Investors receive money disbursed from ETFs on a regular basis. This money made and disbursed by most ETFs is referred to as distributions.
One way for your money to make more money each month or quarter is to automatically reinvest your ETF distribution. You can do this without paying a commission. You can only trade ETFs when the stock market is open.
In order to buy and sell ETFs, you will need to own a brokerage account. There is much more to the “what is an ETF?” beyond what you have read from the information above but you could say that’s a decent starting point for many investors.
Based on the brief summary above you should know that these ETFs can be bought (and sold). A question that arises sometimes with investors is “where do I begin to use these ETFs?’’ below are some of the following considerations who to ETFs with:
Using full-service investment companies.
Using discount brokerages.
ETFs are not all created equal. To shed more light on this, you could read up on a few books, and search for sites and web pages that will help you make better investment decisions and determine how they could fit into your overall financial plan.
XIC Vs. XIU
When looking for an Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) that indexes Canadian equities, these two are the most suitable choices for you from iShares:
The iShares CDN LargeCap 60 Index Fund (XIU) tracks the S&P/TSX 60 Index. This index is composed of S&P’s selection of 60 of the largest, most liquid stocks on the TSX. The Management Expense Ratio (MER) on this ETF is a very low 0.18%.
The iShares CDN Composite Index Fund (XIC) tracks the S&P/TSX Capped Composite Index. This index includes over 200 companies listed on the TSX. Its MER is 0.27%.
It is not advisable to make investment decisions based solely on MER. It is much wiser to take a better look at the two Major ETFs before investing. Looking closer at these two ETFs is our main focus.
Most of the similarities, comparison, and differences on the XIU vs XIC issue is what I’ll be breaking down to bridge the gap on the stress of not knowing what and where you can invest.
On the 28th of September, 1999 the iShares S&P/TSX 60 Index Fund alongside the XIU was introduced. This introduction was done in a bid to reproduce some specific securities listed on the S&P/TSX 60 Index. These specific securities are the 60 most liquid and largest securities.
Which companies are represented in XIU?
In Canada, there are three main sectors represented. These sectors are:
The materials sector
The financial industry
And the energy sector
XIU reflects this as just about 78% (as of April 23, 2012) of the funds holdings are in these sectors, compared to XIC’s 77% (as of April 23, 2012). The numbers above are not that different if you check the figures but please be aware of them for future reference.
As of 23rd of April, 2012, these were the funds top 10 holdings:
Goldcorp Inc. 3.04%
Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. 3.27%
Canadian National Railway Co. 3.32%
Potash Corp. of Saskatchewan Inc. 3.44%
Bank of Montreal 3.58%
Barrick Gold Corp. 3.71%
Suncor Energy Inc. 4.58%
Bank of Nova Scotia 5.83%
TD Bank 7.09%
Royal Bank of Canada 7.70%
Both the XIC and XIU have similar holdings in their top 10 categories. It is thus difficult to see the difference between the two. However, what difference is there to be found?
Put together, the top 10 holdings account for approximately 46% of XIU’s portfolio, compared to only 33% of XIC’s portfolio. Currently, XIC holds 254 companies while XIU holds 60 companies. Holdings in both XIC and XIU are measured based on their market capitalization, but the major difference between the two is that the holdings in XIC are capped. In other words, anyone holding in XIC cannot exceed 10% of the total holdings.
Based on these differences, XIC has better benefits. You receive over 4 times as many companies, which increases your diversification while minimizing the risk associated with your portfolio simultaneously, also in order to prevent a single stock portfolio from having a large concentration, there is a 10% holdings cap.
Management Expense Ratio (MER)
XIC’s MER is at 0.26%. This is 0.10% higher than XIU’s MER which is just about 0.17%. This is one of the biggest reasons why investors are advised to own an XIU portfolio instead of the XIC.
Tracking Error and Return
XIUs purpose, just like other index funds, is to replicate the returns of a benchmark index. In other words, Whatever performance is made by the S&P/TSX 60 index, will be replicated by the XIU. This is how the XIU is designed to perform. For this reason, the fund manager’s main objective is to ensure that he reduces the difference between the index return and the fund return.
In order to ascertain how successful a fund manager is in accomplishing this goal, you have to look at the tracking error. When purchasing ETFs it is best to purchase the ones with extremely low tracking records.
Below, you will discover how much returns XIU yields annually in comparison to its benchmarked index. This information is given in percentages;
Based on the tracking error, despite both been very close, XIU definitely takes the upper hand on this in comparison to XICs tracking error difference in 2005. The question is how do the returns themselves compare between the two ETFs?
An example of how to get a clearer picture on this; Let’s say you invested $10,000 into each ETF as of 2002 and kept it till 2011.
Both portfolios will yield different benefits with a difference. The XIU would have increased drastically and would be worth $18,967. However, the XIC portfolio would be worth more. It would be valued at about $19,146. An outstanding difference of $179!
To compare these top (2) ETFs, you might want to compare their dividend yields. This is quite important for anyone who is seeking high dividend yields to replicate their income stream. The current dividend yields for these ETFs can be found on Yahoo Finance and other financial websites.
Using Yahoo finance, the current dividend yield of XIC (as of February 29, 2012) is 2.31%, while XIUs current dividend yield is 2.45% (as of February 29, 2012). It’s also important you know that the current dividend yield is based on the current share price.
Although XIC’s distributions are generally higher than XIUs distributions, XICs share price is higher than XIU’s share price as well, hence the higher dividend yield for XIU.
Eventually, the volume of XIU is almost 10 times the volume of XIC, meaning XIU is definitely more liquid, take note of this when trading, to ensure your bid-ask spread is low. Having either ETF would be a great part of your portfolio! I must admit that I am relieved that the analysis shows that the returns between the two are pretty comparable and quite safe.
The following is the comparison summary of the distributions for the two ETFs during 2011-2007:
XIC XIU Difference
2011 0.46126 0.44231 0.01895
2010 0.46603 0.44562 0.02041
2009 0.45833 0.42690 0.03143
2008 0.55486 0.62068 0.06582
2007 1.00801 0.41424 0.59377
In general, XIC’s distributions are a bit higher than XIUs, all the more reason for you to be a part of any of these two (2) ETFs.
Please let me know your thoughts and comments below. Thanks for reading!
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Sagar Sridhar is a personal finance blogger from Canada. His genuine passion for personal finance coupled with his unique style of writing is what stands out. Professionally, he is a computer engineer, agile certified and has a master’s degree in Project Management. His writing has been featured or quoted in the leading Canadian publications such as Credit Canada and many other personal finance publications. While he is juggling between his day job and blogging, he is the main author on this blog and has miles to go before making the final pit stop.